A quick review of events from 1996 till 2000.
From Microsoft ...
Multi-implementation started to emerge.
Internet Explorer 3 also included Microsoft's first support for CSS and various extensions to HTML, but in each case the implementation was noticeably different from that found in Netscape Navigator at the time.
We have ES1 in this year, because of standardization.
Microsoft's JScript came out. Why? Simple.
This led to the official release of the language specification ECMAScript published in the first edition of the ECMA-262 standard in June 1997, ...
We have ES2 in this year.
The release of ECMAScript 2 in June 1998 continued the standards process cycle, conforming some modifications to the ISO/IEC 16262 international standard. ...
Google came out also.
Google was founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were Ph.D. students at Stanford University in California.
Also we have XHR or XML Http Request.
We have ES3 in this year. But it became standard in 2006.
The concept behind the XMLHttpRequest object was originally created by the developers of Outlook Web Access (by Microsoft) for Microsoft Exchange Server 2000. An interface called IXMLHTTPRequest was developed and implemented into the second version of the MSXML library using this concept. The second version of the MSXML library was shipped with Internet Explorer 5.0 in March 1999, allowing access, via ActiveX, to the IXMLHTTPRequest interface using the XMLHTTP wrapper of the MSXML library.
In this year we have ES4 but it never released.
And sadly in 2004 it was abandoned. And its named switched to ES3.1 which again this name also renamed to ES5 in 2009.
The original ECMAScript 4 work led by Waldemar Horwat (then at Netscape, now at Google) started in 2000. Microsoft initially participated and implemented some proposals in their JScript .NET language.
And we we have dot-com crash in this year.
browsers war in this period of time.
It was between Microsoft and Netscape. While Microsoft soft has its own operating system, Netscape did not have. Microsoft after version of 2 of Internet Explorer made it free in its operating system. But Netscape's browser was not free!
Internet Explorer 2.0 was released as a free download three months later. Unlike Netscape Navigator, it was available to all Windows users free of charge, this also applying to commercial companies. Other companies later followed suit and released their browsers free of charge.
During this years ...
Microsoft's resources allowed them to make Internet Explorer available without charge, as the revenues from Windows were used to fund its development and marketing. Netscape was commercial software for businesses, but was provided free for home and educational use; Internet Explorer was provided free for all Windows and Macintosh users, cutting off a significant revenue stream; as it was told by Jim Barksdale, President and CEO of Netscape Communications: "Very few times in warfare have smaller forces overtaken bigger forces...".
and finally Netscape lost the game to Microsoft ...
That same year, Netscape, the company, was acquired by America Online for US$4.2 billion. Internet Explorer became the new dominant browser, attaining a peak of about 96% of the web browser usage share during 2002.
The browser was once dominant but lost to Internet Explorer and other competitors after the so-called first browser war, its market share falling from more than 90 percent in the mid-1990s to less than 1 percent in 2006.
Update: Sat Aug 24 2019 10:45:28 GMT+0430 (Iran Daylight Time)